The Land of Mt. Everest and Birth Place of Lord Buddha !!
Nepal offers the land of bio-diversity of geographical, an incomparable blend of high mountains and rich cultures. Nepal embrace the central Himalayan, 1310 magnificent peaks over 6000 meters including eight of the world’s highest 14 peaks of 8000 meters, rushing river, rolling terraced hills; lush, steamy tropics and high altitude plains reminiscent of Tibet. Capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu Valley, a fertile green bowl set in the midst of the Himalayan foothills, is an oasis of magnificent art and the home of an ancient and sophisticated culture. It’s blend of different ethnic mosaic of diversity of people.
Nepal at a Glance:
Area: 147,181 sq. KM.
Geography: Situated between China in the north and India in the south.
Population: 29.5 million.
Language: Nepali is the National Language.
Currency: Nepalese Rupee
Political system: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Religion: Nepal enjoys the distinction of being the only Hindu Kingdom in the world. However, there is harmonious blending of Hinduism and Buddhism.
People: Nepal has more than 61 ethnic groups and 70 spoken languages.
Nepal has geographically 3 major regions:
The altitude of this region ranges between 4877 m to 8848m. It includes eight of the 14 highest summits in the world, which exceed altitude of 8848 m including Mt. Everest, Annapurna, Dhawalagiri and others. Himalayan range makes up northern boarder of the country and represents 16% of the total land of Nepal. Sparse vegetation is found up to 4500m. Some of the Nepal’s most beautiful animal and plant life are also found here. Although rare, the snow leopard and Danphe bird are found here. The people in this region produce and sell cheese besides working as porters and guides. Many also trade with Tibet and travel across the boarder to sell their goods.
Middle Hill Region:
This region accounts for about 65 percent of the total land of Nepal. It is formed by the Mahabharat range that soars from 500m up to 4877m and the lower Churia range including Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal. During the summer the temperature reaches an average 32 degrees Celsius. Winters are cold, the temperature reaches 1degree Celsius sometimes. The eastern part of this is region receive more rains fall because of monsoon clouds which come from southeast. The rivers in the west, which do not receive much rainfall, are dependent upon the melted snow that flows down the Himalaya. Different kind of birds and wildlife are found here. The people in the region have gained from the growth in the tourism industry.
The lowland Tarai occupied about 17 percent of the total land area of the country. It provides excellent farming lands and average elevation of flatlands is 65 to 500m. Above sea level. Sub-tropical forest areas, marshes and wildlife, which include the Royal Bangal Tiger, one horned rhinoceros and the gharial crocodile, are found the area.